U.S. Particle Accelerator School
U.S. Particle Accelerator School
Education in Beam Physics and Accelerator Technology

Fundamentals of Ion Sources course

Sponsoring University:

University of Texas, Austin


Fundamentals of Ion Sources


Daniela Leitner, Michigan State University and LBNL; Damon Todd, LBNL; Daniel Winklehner, MIT

Purpose and Audience
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the physics and technology of ion sources. The course is suitable for senior undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers. The course also can provide a broader background to engineers and technicians working in the field of accelerator technology.


Either previous coursework or a general understanding of classical physics and electromagnetism.

It is the responsibility of the student to ensure that they meet the course prerequisites or have equivalent experience.

The goal of the course is to provide a comprehensive introduction and survey of the field. On completion of the course, students are expected to understand the basic workings of ion sources and their associated systems, and to have gained a familiarity with the terminology and concepts of the field such that they can read and understand the ion source literature. Since ion source research is an interdisciplinary field, the course will include and introduction to vacuum technology, interlock systems, commonly used beam diagnostics for injectors, and low energy beam transport.

Instructional Method
A series of morning and afternoon lectures will be given, accompanied by handouts and discussion and an afternoon in the computer laboratory. Discussion of topics of particular interest to students will be encouraged. Problem sets will be assigned as homework, due the next morning. A final exam will be given. A project work will be assigned on the first day of class.

Course Content
Topics covered will include: Classification of ion sources. Applications. Review of plasma physics as relevant to ion source physics; basic plasma physics parameters; ionization and confinement; examples. Survey of source types (EBIS, ECR, microwave, vacuum arc, broad beam, "giant" sources, etc). Formation of a directed ion beam from the plasma. Extraction systems. Beam transport and modelling of low energy beam transport systems. Space charge and space charge compensation in beam transport lines; Ion beam parameters. Vacuum technology. Beam diagnostics.

Reading Requirements
(to be provided by the USPAS) "The Physics and Technology of Ion Sources" (2nd Edition), by I.G. Brown, Wiley and Sons Publishers, 2004. Additional reading suggestion would be the proceedings of the CAS - CERN Accelerator School, Ion Sources-2012.

Credit Requirements
Students will be evaluated based on performance as follows: final exam (30% of final grade), homework assignments (40% of final grade), and their project work (30%).

Credit is only earned when this one-week half course is taken with a second one-week half course and both are successfuly completed thereby earning 3 credit hours.

UT Austin course number & course title on transcript: PHY 396T (69875): ADV TOPICS IN ACCELERATOR PHYSICS
Indiana University course number and title on transcript:
Physics 671, Advanced Topics in Accelerator Physics
Michigan State University course number: PHY 963
MIT course number: 8.790 "Accelerator Physics"