U.S. Particle Accelerator School
U.S. Particle Accelerator School
Education in Beam Physics and Accelerator Technology

Cryogenic Engineering


Stony Brook University (ONLINE)

Course Name:

Cryogenic Engineering


John Weisend, European Spallation Source; Ram Dhuley and Grzegorz Tatkowski, Fermilab

Purpose and Audience
The purpose of this course is to provide a basic introduction to cryogenic engineering. Students should have an undergraduate degree in physics, chemistry, or mechanical or chemical engineering. The course will focus on large-scale cryogenics for particle accelerators.

Students should have an understanding of basic thermodynamics, heat transfer, fluid flow, and stress analysis. It is the responsibility of the student to ensure that they meet the course prerequisites through college-level classes or have equivalent experience.

It is the responsibility of the student to ensure that they meet the course prerequisites or have equivalent experience.

Cryogenic engineering utilizes the principles of mechanical and electrical engineering to provide a low temperature cooling for applications. Upon completing this course, students should be familiar with the principles and common practices of cryogenics and should be able to perform basic analysis and design for low temperature applications.

Instructional Method
The course will lecture on the fundamentals and applications of cryogenic engineering including examples of designs and problem solving. Homework problems will be assigned daily, and a class project (done by teams) will allow the students to apply the course material to a real-world problem in cryogenic engineering.

Course Content
The course will cover the fundamentals of cryogenic engineering and provide examples and exercises in the practice of cryogenic engineering. Topics will include: properties of cryogenic fluids typically used in particle physics such as helium (including superfluid helium), hydrogen, nitrogen, and argon. properties of materials which are typically used at low temperature; heat transfer, fluid dynamics, refrigeration, instrumentation, storage of cryogens, design of cryostats and distribution systems, pressure vessel issues, cryocoolers, emergency venting, and safety. Applications and practical problems will include superconducting magnet cooling, cryogenics for superconducting RF, cryogenics for targets and particle detectors, cryogen transfer, thermodynamic processes in refrigeration, design of low temperature load bearing structures, design of venting systems, and design of test apparatus.

Reading Requirements
(to be provided by the USPAS) "Cryogenic Systems", 2nd Edition (1985) by Randall Barron. We will also provide lecture materials and design examples in pdf format.

Credit Requirements
Students will be evaluated based on performance as follows: Class Project (30 % of final grade) and homework assignments (70% of final grade).

Stony Brook University course number: PHY 695 01
Indiana University course number: Physics 671, Advanced Topics in Accelerator Physics
Michigan State University course number: PHY 963, US Particle Accelerator School
MIT course number: 8.790, "Accelerator Physics"